Images of Mathematicians on Postage Stamps

RECENT CHANGES: On July 11, steklov2.jpg was added. Thanks to Heinz Klaus Strick for this image. On June 16, newton89.jpg was added. Thanks to Shuki Zakai for this image. On May 3, multiplication_table.jpg was added. Thanks to Heinz Klaus Strick for this image.

ABEL, Niels Henrik. Issued by Norway on April 6, 1929, upon the death centenary abel1.jpg, abel2.jpg, abel3.jpg, abel4.jpg; issued by Norway on June 5, 2002, on the two-hundredth anniversary of his birth abel5.jpg, abel6.jpg, abel8.jpg, abel9.jpg; a coin issued by Norway in 2002 on the 200th anniversary of his birth abel7.jpg; issued by Norway in 1983, showing the Abel monument by Gustav Vigeland abel10.jpg

ADAMS, JOHN C. Issued by Djibouti in 2010. adams.jpg

AIRY, George B. Issued by Nicaragua in 1994 as part of a series depicting astronomers airy.jpg; issued by Great Britain in 1984 airy2.jpg; issued by Tonga airy3.jpg

AL-BIRUNI, Abu Arrayhan Muhammad Ibn Ahmad. Issued by Syria in 1973 al-biruni.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1975 al-biruni2.jpg; issued by Pakistan al-biruni3.jpg, al-biruni4.jpg; issued by Afghanistan in 1973 al-biruni5.jpg; issued by Iran in 1973 al-biruni6.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union in 1973 al-biruni7.jpg; issued by Turkey in 1973 al-biruni8.jpg; issued by Algeria in 1974 and depicting silk thread writings by Al-Biruni al-biruni9.jpg; issued by Iran in 1980, depicting al-Farabi, al-Biruni, and Avicenna al-biruni10.jpg; issued by Guinea-Bissau in 2008 al-biruni11.jpg, al-biruni12.jpg; issued by Iran in 2011 al-biruni13.jpg

AL-BUZJANI, Abul Wafa. Personally designed al-buzjani1.jpg

AL-HAYTHAM, Ibn. Issued by Qatar in 1971 al-haytham.jpg; issued by Pakistan in 1969 al-haytham2.jpg; issued by Jordan in 1971 al-haytham3.jpg; issued by Malawi in 2008 al-haytham4.jpg

AL-KHOWARIZMI. Issued by the Soviet Union on Sept. 6, 1983, to mark the 1200th birth anniversary khowar.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union (an envelope) khowarizmi3.jpg; issued by São Tomé and Príncipe in 2008 khowarizmi4.jpg issued by Guinea-Bissau in 2009 khowarizmi5.jpg; issued by Uzbekistan in 2012 khowarizmi6.jpg, khowarizmi7.jpg, khowarizmi8.jpg; issued by Uzbekistan in 2013 khowarizmi9.jpg; (See also Fantasy Stamps at the bottom of this page.)

AL-KINDI. Issued by Iraq in 1962 al-kindi1.jpg; issued by Syria in 1994 al-kindi2.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1975 al-kindi3.jpg; issued by Mali al-kindi4.jpg; issued by Yemen al-kindi5.jpg; issued by Syria in 1987 al-kindi6.jpg

AL-TUSI, Nasir al-Din. Proper name: Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Tusi. Issued by Iran in 1956 al-tusi.jpg; issued by Azerbaijan in 2001 al-tusi2.jpg; issued by Dominica al-tusi3.jpg; issued by Syria in 2000 al-tusi4.jpg; issued by Iran in 1993 al-tusi5.jpg; issued by Iran al-tusi6.jpg, al-tusi7.jpg; issued by Azerbaijan in 2009 al-tusi8.jpg

ALBERTUS MAGNUS. Issued by Germany in 1980 albertus.jpg; issued by Germany in 1961 albertus2.jpg; issued by Belgium in 1969, depicting a wood sculpture by Artus Quellinus albertus3.jpg; issued by Vatican City in 1980 albertus4.jpg, albertus5.jpg

ARCHIMEDES. Issued by the German Democratic Republic on Nov. 13, 1973. One of a series of six stamps, "Old Masters Paintings." The painting "Archimedes" is by Domenico Fetti arch1.jpg; issued by Italy in 1983 arch2.jpg; issued by San Marino in 1982 arch3.jpg; issued by Greece in 1983 arch4.jpg; issued by Spain arch5.jpg; issued by Malawi in 2008 arch6.jpg; issued by Guinea-Bissau in 2008 arch7.jpg; issued by Romania (a cover) arch8.jpg; issued by Gabon in 2010 arch9.jpg; issued by Mali in 2011 arch10.jpg

ARISTARCHUS OF SAMOS. Issued by Greece in 1980 aristarchus1.jpg

AVICENNA (Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina). Issued by Dubai avicenna1.jpg; issued by Comoros avicenna2.jpg; issued by Mali in 1980 on the 1000th anniversary of his birth avicenna3.jpg, avicenna4.jpg; issued by Tunisia in 1980 avicenna5.jpg; issued by Algeria in 1980 avicenna6.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union in 1980 avicenna7.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1968 (and paired with a stamp depicting Imhotep) avicenna8.jpg; issued by Poland in 1952 avicenna9.jpg; issued by Libya in 1980 avicenna10.jpg; issued by Kuwait probably in 1980 avicenna11.jpg, avicenna12.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic in 1952 avicenna13.jpg; issued by Iran in 1954 avicenna14.jpg; issued by Jordan in 1971 avicenna15.jpg; issued by Pakistan in 1966 avicenna16.jpg; issued by Iran in 2004 avicenna17.jpg; issued by Iran in 1980, depicting al-Farabi, al-Biruni, and Avicenna avicenna18.jpg; issued by Tajikistan in 2005 avicenna19.jpg; issued by France in 2005 avicenna20.jpg; issued by Turkey in 1980 avicenna21.jpg, avicenna22.jpg; issued by Hungary in 1987 avicenna23.jpg; issued by Iran in 1962 avicenna24.jpg; issued by Syria in 1965 avicenna25.jpg; issued by Syria in 1981 avicenna26.jpg; issued by Iran in 1983 avicenna27.jpg; issued by Iran in 1992 avicenna28.jpg; issued by Kuwait in 1969 avicenna29.jpg; issued by Kuwait in 1969 avicenna30.jpg; issued by Somalia in 2003 avicenna31.jpg; issued by Iran in 1974 avicenna32.jpg; issued by Qatar in 1971 avicenna33.jpg; issued by the Yemen Arab Republic in 1966 avicenna34.jpg, avicenna35.jpg; issued by Afghanistan in 1951 avicenna36.jpg, avicenna37.jpg; issued by Iran in 1989 (also showing Pasteur) avicenna38.jpg; issued by Lebanon in 1948 avicenna39.jpg, avicenna39a.jpg; issued by Algeria in 1963 avicenna40.jpg; issued by Iran in 1954 avicenna41a.jpg, avicenna41b.jpg, avicenna41c.jpg, avicenna41d.jpg, avicenna41e.jpg; issued by Austria in 1982 avicenna42.jpg; issued by Portugal on Aug. 29, 2013, to honor 1000 years of the Avicenna Canon avicenna43.jpg

BABBAGE, Charles. Issued by Great Britain in 1991 babbage.jpg; issued by Guinea-Bissau in 2007 babbage2.jpg; issued by Malawi in 2008 babbage3.jpg; issued by Great Britain in 2010 babbage4.jpg

BAKER, Alan. Issued by Guinea in 2008 baker.jpg

BANACH, Stefan. Issued by Poland on Nov. 23, 1982, part of a series "Mathematicians" banach.jpg

BANACHIEWICZ, Tadeusz. Issued by Poland on March 25, 1983 banachiewicz.jpg

BANU MUSA BROTHERS. Issued by Syria in 1996 banu_musa.jpg

BERNOULLI, J. Issued by Switzerland in 1994 bernoulli.jpg

BESSEL, Friedrich Wilhelm. Issued by Germany on June 19, 1984, on his 200th birthday bessel.jpg; issued by Nicaragua in 1994 as part of a series depicting astronomers bessel2.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union (an envelope) bessel3.jpg

BJERKNES, Vilhelm. Issued by Norway on March 14, 1962, on his 100th birthday bjerk1.jpg, bjerk2.jpg

BOLYAI, Farkas. Issued by Hungary on Feb. 7, 1975, on his 200th birthday bolyai.jpg; issued by Hungary in August 1932, part of a series "Portraits of Famous Hungarians" bolyai2.jpg

BOLYAI, Janos. Issued by Hungary in 1960, on the 100th anniversary of his death bolyai3.jpg; issued by Romania in 1960 bolyai4.jpg; issued by Hungary in 2002 bolyai5.jpg. (Note: According to this article, the image of Bolyai on these two stamps is not authentic.)

BOLZANO, Bernard. Issued by Czechoslovakia on March 10, 1981, part of an eight-stamp series "Famous Persons" bolzano.jpg

BORN, Max. Personally designed in 2012 born.jpg

BOSCOVICH, Ruggero Giuseppe. Issued by Croatia on Dec. 13, 1943 boscovich1.jpg, boscovich2.jpg; bank notes issued by Croatia in 1991 boscovich3.jpg, boscovich4.jpg, boscovich5.jpg, boscovich6.jpg, boscovich9.jpg, boscovich10.jpg, boscovich11.jpg; issued by Yugoslavia in 1960 boscovich7.jpg; issued by Yugoslavia in 1987 boscovich8.jpg; issued by Vatican City in 2011 boscovich12.jpg; issued by Croatia in 2011 boscovich13.jpg

BOUGAINVILLE, Louis Antoine de. Issued by Cambodia in 1992 bougainville4.jpg; issued by France in 1988 bougainville; issued by French Polynesia bougainville9.jpg; issued by New Caledonia in 1928 bougainville3.jpg, bougainville12.jpg, bougainville13.jpg, bougainville17.jpg, bougainville18.jpg, bougainville19.jpg, bougainville20.jpg, bougainville21.jpg; issued by New Hebrides bougainville5.jpg; issued by Papua New Guinea in 1999 bougainville15.jpg; issued by Samoa bougainvile10.jpg; issued by Samoa i Sisifo in 1968 bougainville6.jpg, bougainville14.jpg; issued by Saint-Pierre & Miquelon bougainville2.jpg; issued by St. Helena in 1986 bougainville22.jpg; issued by Wallis & Futuna bougainville7.jpg; issued by Wallis & Futuna bougainville11.jpg; issued by Vanuatu in 1999 bougainville16.jpg

BROUWER, Luitzen Egbertus Jan (Bertus). Issued by the Netherlands on Sept. 21, 2007 brouwer.jpg, brouwer2.jpg (first day cover)

BUFFON, Georges Louis Leclerc, Comte de. Issued by France on Nov. 14, 1949 buffon.jpg

CARAÇA, Bento de Jesus. Issued by Portugal in 2001 caraca.jpg

CARATHÉODORY, Constantin. Issued by Greece in 1994 caratheodory.jpg

CAUCHY, Augustin. Issued by France on Nov. 10, 1989, the 200th birthday cauchy.jpg

CECH, Eduard. Issued by the Czech Republic on Aug. 26, 1993, part of a two-stamp series "Personalities" cech.jpg

CHAPLYGIN, Sergei. Issued by the Soviet Union in Sept. 1944, on the 75th anniversary of his birth chaplygin1.jpg, chaplygin2.jpg

CHEBYSHEV, Pafnuti Lvovich. Issued by the Soviet Union on May 25, 1946, on the 125th anniversary of his birth cheby1.jpg (30 kopeck), cheby2.jpg (60 kopeck)

CHEN JINGRUN. Issued by China in 1999. Text has "the best result of Goldbach's conjecture P_x(1,2)..." chen1.jpg

CLAVIUS, Christopher. Issued by Vatican City in 2012 clavius.jpg; issued by Vatican City in 1982, showing the tomb of Pope Gregory XIII in St. Peter's Basilica, which includes a relief showing Clavius kneeling before the Pope, presenting his work as the Pope promulgates the new calendar in 1582 clavius2.jpg, clavius2a.jpg

COLOMBIA SOCIETY OF ENGINEERS. Isued by Colombia in 1962 on the 75th anniversary of the society, showing the emblem of the society, which features the Greek letter π colombia1.jpg; issued by Colombia in 1994 colombia2.jpg

COMTE, Auguste. Issued by France on Sept. 14, 1957, on the centenary of his death comte.jpg; issued by Romania comte2.jpg; issued by Brazil comte3.jpg; issued by Bulgaria in 1957 comte4.jpg

CONDORCET, Marquis de. Issued by France on June 26, 1989, one of a series of stamps issued on the bicentennial of the French Revolution condor.jpg

CONNES, Alain. Issued by Guinea in 2008 connes.jpg

D'ALEMBERT, Jean Baptiste le Rond. Issued by France on June 13, 1959, part of a series Famous Frenchmen. The stamp was issued to benefit the Red Cross dalemb.jpg; an 1824 French medal by Depaulis dalemb2.jpg

DAVIDOGLU, Anton. Issued by Romania in 1976 on his 200th birthday davidoglu.jpg

DEDEKIND, Richard. Issued by the German Democratic Republic on May 5, 1981, one of a series of six stamps, "Important Persons" dedekind.jpg

DELIGNE, Pierre. Issued by Belgium on Oct. 15, 2007 deligne1.jpg, deligne2.jpg, deligne3.jpg, deligne4.jpg (Important note: images 1 and 2 are the specimens; 3 and 4 are the actual stamps. The specimens have the wrong denomination—0,60 rather than 0,70— but are included here because they have better quality than the actual stamps.)

DEMOCRITUS. issued by Greece on Sept. 26, 1983, to honor an International Conference on Democritus and his work democ1.jpg; issued by Greece in 1961 honoring the "Democritus" National Center for Scientific Research democ2.jpg, democ3.jpg; currency issued by Greece democritus4.jpg; coin issued by Greece democritus5.jpg

DESCARTES, Rene. Issued by France on June 9, 1937, in commemoration of the third centenary of the publication of Discours de la Méthode (shows "Discours sur la Méthode") descart.jpg; reissue, shows "Discours de la Méthode") descart2.jpg; issued by France in 1996 on the 400th anniversary of his birth descart3.jpg; issued by Albania in 1996 (this stamp apparently features a misspelling of the Latin form of Descartes, which should be Cartesius) descart4.jpg; issued by Grenada in 2000 descart5.jpg; issued by Sierra Leone in 2000 descart6.jpg; issued by Monaco in 1996 on his 400th birth anniversary descart7.jpg; a medallion issued by France in 1996 on the 400th anniversary of his birth descartes8.jpg; a 100-franc coin issued by France in 1991 descartes9.jpg; an 1846 French medal by Rogat descartes10.jpg; issued by Mozambique in 2009 descartes11.jpg

DE WITT, Johan. Issued by the Netherlands dewitt1.jpg

DONALDSON, Simon. Issued by Guinea in 2008 donaldson.jpg

DRINFELD, Vladimir. Issued by Guinea in 2008 drinfeld.jpg

DÜRER, Albrecht. Issued by Germany in 1961 durer1.jpg; issued by Dubai durer2.jpg; issued by Mongolia durer3.jpg; issued by Dahomey in 1971 durer4.jpg, durer5.jpg; issued by West Germany in 1971 durer6.jpg; issued by Germany in 2006 durer7.jpg; issued by Hungary in 1978 durer8.jpg; issued by Chad in 1999 durer9.jpg; issued by Burundi in 1971 durer10.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Repubic in 1971 durer11.jpg; issued by Germany in 1926 durer12.jpg; issued by Guinea-Bissau in 2003 durer13.jpg; issued by Albania in 1971 durer14.jpg; issued by the People's Republic of the Congo in 1978 durer15.jpg; issued by France in 1980 durer16.jpg; issued by Niger in 1967 durer17.jpg; issued by Romania in 1971 durer18.jpg; issued by Zaire in 1978 durer19.jpg

ESCHER, Maurits Cornelis Escher. Issued by the Netherlands in 1998 escher1.jpg

EUCLID. Issued by the Maldive Islands on Jan. 10, 1988 euclid1.jpg

EULER, Leonhard. Issued by the Soviet Union on Apr. 17, 1957, to commemorate the 250th anniversary of Euler's birth euler1.jpg; issued by Switzerland on Nov. 30, 1957, to commemorate the 250th anniversary of Euler's birth euler2.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic on Sept. 6, 1983, on the 200th annniversary of his death euler3.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic on June 7, 1957, part of a series "Famous Scientists" euler4.jpg; Swiss currency euler5.jpg; euler6.jpg (detail); issued by the German Democratic Republic on July 10, 1950, on the 250th anniversary of the Berliner Akademie der Wissenschaften (Berlin Academy of Science) euler7.jpg; issued by Switzerland in 2007 on the 300th anniversary of his birth, Apr. 15, 2007 (note euler8 is not the actual stamp, but a pre-release image which has slightly better quality than the stamp itelf; euler11 is a first-day cancel) euler8.jpg, euler9.jpg, euler10.jpg, euler11.jpg; issued by Russia in 2007 (an envelope) euler12.jpg; issued by Guinea-Bissau in 2009 euler13.jpg, euler_newton.jpg; issued by Guinea-Bissau euler14.jpg

FERMAT, Pierre de. Issued by France in 2001 on the 400th anniversary of his birth fermat1.jpg

FIBONACCI. Issued by by Dominica in 1999 fibonacci.jpg (See also Fantasy Stamps at the bottom of this page.)

FIELDS, John Charles. Issued by Guinea in 2008 fields1.jpg, fields2.jpg See also stamps showing Fields Medal winners: baker.jpg, okounkov.jpg, weil.jpg, connes.jpg, donaldson.jpg, drinfeld.jpg, schwartz.jpg, and mumford.jpg.

GALOIS, Evariste. Issued by France on Nov. 10, 1984 galois.jpg

GAUSS, Carl Friedrich. Issued by Germany on Feb. 23, 1955, to commemorate the centenary of death gauss1.jpg; issued by Germany on Apr. 14, 1977, to commemorate the 200th birth anniversary gauss2.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic gauss3.jpg; German currency gauss4.jpg, gauss5.jpg (detail), gauss6.jpg (detail); issued by Nicaragua in 1994 as part of a series depicting astronomers gauss7.jpg; issued by Guinea in 2010 gauss8.jpg; personally designed in 2011 gauss9.jpg; issued by the Marshall Islands in 2012 gauss10.jpg

GIBBS, Josiah Willard. Issued by the United States in 2005 gibbs1.jpg

GÖDEL, Kurt. Issued by Austria in 2006 on the centennial of his birth godel.jpg Note: It has been suggested that this may not be an officially issued stamp.

GOMES TEIXEIRA, Francisco. Issued by Portugal in 1951 on the centennial of his birth gomes_teixeira1.jpg, gomes_teixeira2.jpg; issued by Portugal gomes_teixeira3.jpg

HADAMARD, Jacques. Issued by Guinea in 2008 hadamard.jpg

HAMILTON, William Rowan. Issued by Ireland on Nov. 15, 1943, to commemorate the centenary of the discovery of quaternions hamilt1.jpg, hamilt2.jpg; issued by Ireland on Mar. 14, 2005, to commemorate the World Year of Physics and on the bicentennial year of his birth hamilton3

HARET, Spiru. Issued by Romania in 1976 on the 125th anniversary of his birth haret.jpg

HARRIOT, Thomas. Issued by Guinea in 2009 harriot.jpg

HELMHOLTZ, Hermann von. Issued by Germany helmholt.jpg; issued by West Berlin, Germany on Aug. 27, 1971, on the 150th birth anniversary helmholtz2.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic in 1950 helmholtz3.jpg

HILBERT, David. Issued by the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2001 hilbert1.jpg

HIPPARCHUS OF RHODES. Issued by Greece hipparchus1.jpg

HRONEC, Juraj. Issued by Czechoslovakia on March 10, 1981, part of an eight-stamp series "Famous Persons" hronec.jpg

HUA Luogeng (1910-1985). Issued by China in 1988. hua.jpg

HUYGENS, Christiaan. Issued by the Netherlands in 1928 huygens1.jpg; issued by Grenada in 2000 huygens2.jpg; issued by Comoros in 1975 huygens3.jpg; issued by Djibouti in 2006 huygens4.jpg; issued by Mali in 2006 huygens5.jpg; issued by Rwanda in 2009 huygens6.jpg; issued by São Tomé and Príncipe in 2008 huygens7.jpg; issued by Guinea-Bissau in 2009 huygens8.jpg; issued by Guinea in 2007 huygens9.jpg, huygens10.jpg; unofficial stamp from the Netherlands in 2009 (not an official stamp of the government but usable under a license) huygens11.jpg; issued by Mali in 2011 huygens12.jpg

IBN-QURRA, Thabit. Personally designed ibn-qurra1.jpg

IONESCU, Ion. Issued by Romania in 1995 ionescu.jpg

JANISZEWSKI, Zygmunt. Issued by Poland on Nov. 23, 1982, part of a series "Mathematicians" janisz.jpg

JUNGIUS, Joachim. Issued by the German Democratic Republic in 1957 jungius.jpg

KARAMATA, Jovan. Issued by Yugoslavia in 2002 on the hundredth anniversary of his birth. karamata.jpg

KASHANI, Ghyath al-Din Jamshid. Issued by Iran in 1979 kashani.jpg

KELDYSH, Mstislav Vsevolodovich. Issued by the Soviet Union on Oct. 2, 1981, on his 70th birthday keldysh.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union in 1980 keldysh3.jpg; issued by Russia in 2011 keldysh4.jpg

KEPLER, Johannes. Issued by Mexico in 1971 kepler01.jpg; issued by Ajman kepler02.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic in 1971 kepler03.jpg; issued by Austria kepler04.jpg; issued by Romania in 1971 kepler05.jpg; issued by Benin in 1980 kepler06.jpg; issued by Ecuador kepler07.jpg; issued by Benin in 1980 kepler08.jpg; issued by Mali kepler09.jpg; issued by the Cook Islands kepler10.jpg, issued by the Kingdom of Yemen in 1969 kepler11.jpg; issued by Hungary in 1980 kepler12.jpg; issued by Mongolia in 1980 kepler13.jpg; issued by Comoros in 1988 kepler14.jpg; issued by Fujeira in 1971 kepler15.jpg, kepler16.jpg, kepler17.jpg, kepler18.jpg, kepler19.jpg, kepler20.jpg; issued by Dahomey in 1971 kepler21.jpg, kepler22.jpg; overwritten Benin, issued in 1985 kepler21a.jpg, kepler22a.jpg; issued by the Yemen Arab Republic in 1969 kepler23.jpg; issued by North Korea in 1980 kepler24.jpg; issued by Mali in 1980 kepler25.jpg; issued by Comoros in 1988 kepler26.jpg; issued by Sierra Leone in 2000 kepler27.jpg; issued by Grenada in 1991 kepler28.jpg; issued by the Guinea Republic in 1994 kepler29.jpg; issued by Comoros in 1980 kepler30.jpg; issued by North Korea in 1999 kepler31.jpg; issued by Sierra Leone in 1991 kepler32.jpg; issued by Germany on June 25, 1971 kepler33.jpg; issued by Romania in 1983 kepler34.jpg; issued by North Korea kepler35.jpg; issued by Mozambique in 2001 kepler36.jpg; issued by Paraguay kepler37.jpg; issued by Burundi in 1980 kepler38.jpg; issued by Ajman kepler39.jpg; issued by Sierra Leone kepler40.jpg; issued by the Czech Republic in 2009 kepler41.jpg; issued by Guinea-Bissau in 2008 kepler42.jpg; issued by Germany in 2009 kepler43.jpg; issued by Guinea in 2008 kepler44.jpg, kepler45.jpg; issued by Chad in 2009 kepler46.jpg; issued by Mozambique in 2009 kepler47.jpg, kepler48.jpg; issued by Guinea in 2010 kepler49.jpg; issued by Guinea in 2008 kepler50.jpg; issued by Mali in 2010 kepler51.jpg; issued by Mali in 2011 kepler52.jpg; issued by the Marshall Islands in 2012 kepler53.jpg; issued by the Ivory Coast in 2012 kepler54.jpg, kepler54a.jpg, kepler56.jpg; issued by Malawi in 2011 kepler55.jpg;

KIRCHHOFF, Gustav. Issued by West Berlin on Feb. 15, 1974, on the 150th birth anniversary kirchhoff1.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic on March 26, 1974, on the 150th birth anniversary kirchhoff2.jpg

KOSAMBI, Damodar Dharmananda. Issued by India in 2008 kosambi.jpg

KOVALEVSKAYA, Sofia. Issued by the Soviet Union on Aug. 15, 1951, part of a series to honor famous Russian scientists kovalev1.jpg; issued by Russia on May 20, 1996 kovalev2.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union (an envelope) kovalev3.jpg

KRYLOV, Aleksei N. Issued by the Soviet Union on Jan. 9, 1956, on the 10th anniversary of his death krylov1.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union in 1963, one of a series of stamps honoring members of the Russian Academy of Science krylov2.jpg

LAGRANGE, Joseph-Louis. Issued by France on Feb. 15, 1958, part of a series "French scientists" lagrange.jpg

LAPLACE, Pierre Simon. Issued by France on June 11, 1955, part of a series Famous Frenchmen. The stamp was issued to benefit the Red Cross laplace.jpg; issued by Mozambique in 2001 laplace2.jpg; issued by Guinea in 2008 laplace3.jpg; issued by Guinea in 2010 laplace4.jpg

LASKER, Emanuel. Issued by Tadjikistan 2000 lasker1.jpg; issued by Kampuchea in 1986 lasker2.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic in 1968 lasker3.jpg; issued by Cuba in 1976 lasker4.jpg; issued by Guinea-Bissau in 1988 lasker5.jpg; issued by Mongolia in 1986 lasker6.jpg; issued by Myanmar in 2001 lasker7.jpg; issued by Benin in 1999 lasker8.jpg; issued by Cambodia in 1994 lasker9.jpg; issued by Laos in 1988 lasker10.jpg; issued by Vietnam in 1994 lasker11.jpg; issued by Equatorial Guinea lasker12.jpg; issued by Yugoslavia in 1995 as part of a series honoring world chess champions lasker13.jpg

LAVRENTEV, Mikhail Alekseevich. Issued by the Soviet Union on Oct. 10, 1981 lavrentev.jpg

LEIBNIZ, Gottfried Wilhelm. Issued by Germany on Aug. 24, 1966, on the 250th anniversary of his death leibniz1.jpg; issued by Germany on May 8, 1980, part of the Europa series leibniz2.jpg; issued by Germany on Nov. 1, 1926, part of a series of famous Germans leibniz3.jpg; issued by Romania on June 28, 1966, part of the culture series "Famous Men 1966" leibniz4.jpg; issued by Germany on June 13, 1996, on the 350th anniversary of his birth leibniz5.jpg, leibniz6.jpg (two scans of the same stamp); issued by Albania in 1996 leibniz7.jpg; issued by the German Democratic Republic in 1950 leibniz8.jpg, leibniz9.jpg; issued by St. Vincent in 1991 leibniz10.jpg; issued by Romania in 2004 leibniz11.jpg (same stamp as counting5.jpg)

LIU HUI. Issued by China in 2002 liu_hui.jpg; issued by Micronesia in 1999 and showing his method of approximating π liu_hui2.jpg

LOBACHEVSKY, Nicolai Ivanovitch. Issued by the Soviet Union on Aug. 15, 1951, part of a series to honor famous Russian scientists lobach1.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union on June 4, 1956, on the 100th anniversary of his death. lobach2.jpg

LORENZ, Edward. Issued by Guinea in 2008 lorenz.jpg, lorenz2.jpg, lorenz3.jpg

LUZIN, Nikolai Nikolaevich. Issued by Russia in 2000 luzin.jpg

LYAPUNOV, Aleksandr Mikhailovich. Issued by the Soviet Union on June 20, 1957, on the 100th anniversary of his birth lyapunov.jpg; issued by Ukraine in 2010 lyapunov2.jpg (one of a set which can be seen at home.nestor.minsk.by/fsunews/ukraine/2010)

MOISIL, Grigore. Issued by Romania in 2005 moisil.jpg

MONGE, Gaspard. Issued by France on Oct. 15, 1990, on the 200th anniversary of the French Revolution monge.jpg; issued by France on June 9, 1953 monge2.jpg; issued by San Marino in 1982, depicting mainly Napoleon but the smaller image is supposed to be Monge monge3.jpg

MUMFORD, David. Issued by Guinea in 2008 mumford.jpg

NEUMANN, John von. Issued by Hungary in 1992 neumann.jpg; issued by Hungary in 2003 on the centennnial of his birth neumann2.jpg; issued by the United States in 2005 neumann3.jpg; issued by Tatarstan in 2006 neumann4.jpg

NEWTON, Isaac. Issued by Germany on Jan. 14, 1993, on his 350th birthday newton1.jpg; issued by France on Nov. 9, 1957, part of a series "Famous Persons" newton2.jpg; issued by Dubai on Oct. 18, 1971 newton3.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union on Oct. 8, 1987, part of a series "Important Persons" (a translation of the text attached to the stamp is: "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, the greatest work of I. Newton. For the first time a unified system of terrestrial and celestial mechanics was constructed, which became a basis of classical physics.") newton4.jpg and newton4a.jpg; issued by Poland on Dec. 10, 1959, part of a series to honor famous scientists newton5.jpg; issued by Viet Nam in 1985 newton6.jpg; issued by Great Britain in 1987 newton7.jpg, newton8.jpg, newton9.jpg, newton10.jpg; issued by Hungary in 1977 on the 250th anniversary of his death newton11.jpg; issued by the Maldive Islands on Jan. 10, 1988 newton12.jpg; issued by Bulgaria in 1993 newton13.jpg; issued by San Marino on April 21, 1982 newton14.jpg issued by Grenada in 2000 newton15.jpg, newton16.jpg; issued by Sierra Leone in 2000 newton17.jpg; issued by Paraguay in 1965 newton18.jpg; issued by Paraguay in 1965 newton19.jpg; issued by the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (North Korea) in 1993 newton20.jpg, newton21.jpg, newton22.jpg, newton23.jpg, newton24.jpg; issued by Nicaragua in 1994 as part of a series depicting astronomers newton25.jpg; issued by Burundi in 2000 newton26.jpg; issued by Ascension newton27.jpg; issued by the Republic of the Congo in 2000 newton28.jpg; issued by the People's Republic of the Congo in 1977 newton29.jpg; issued by Mali newton30.jpg; issued by Chad in 1999 newton31.jpg; issued by Nevis in 2000 newton32.jpg; issued by Uruguay in 1996 newton33.jpg; issued by Grenada in 1987 as one of four stamps honoring scientists newton34.jpg; issued by the Central African Republic about 1985 newton35.jpg; issued by Guinea in 1986 newton36.jpg; issued by the Yemen Arab Republic newton37.jpg; issued by Togo in 1986 newton38.jpg; issued by Benin in 1977 on the 250th anniversary of his death newton39.jpg; issued by Ajman newton40.jpg; issued by Niger in 1970 newton41.jpg; issued by St. Vincent and the Grenadines newton42.jpg; issued by Yemen newton43.jpg; issued by Lesotho newton44.jpg; issued by Mongolia in 1977 newton45.jpg; issued by Chad newton46.jpg; issued by Laos in 1984 newton47.jpg; issued by Uganda in 1987 newton48.jpg; issued by Mozambique in 2001 newton49.jpg; issued by Guinea in 1994 newton50.jpg; issued by Mongolia in perhaps 2001 newton51.jpg; issued by Ghana newton52.jpg; issued by Mali in 2006 newton53.jpg; issued by Djibouti in 2006 newton54.pg; issued by Redonda on Sept. 9, 1987 newton55.jpg; issued by Malawi in 2008 newton56.jpg; issued by Gibraltar in 2009 newton57.jpg; issued by Mali in 2009 newton58.jpg; issued by Rwanda in 2009 newton59.jpg; issued by Guinea-Bissau in 2008 newton60.jpg; issued by Guinea-Bissau in 2009 newton61.jpg, euler_newton.jpg; issued by Comoros in 2009 newton62.jpg; issued by Great Britain in 2010 newton63.jpg, newton64.jpg; issued by Great Britain in 2010 newton65.jpg; issued by Tristan da Cunha in 2010 newton66.jpg; issued by the Marshall Islands in 2010 newton67.jpg; issued by Gabon in 2011 newton68.jpg; issued by Grenada in 2011 newton69.jpg; issued by Mali in 2011 newton70.jpg; issued by Togo in 2011 newton71.jpg, newton71a.jpg; issued by Mozambique in 2012 newton72.jpg, newton72a.jpg, newton73.jpg, newton74.jpg, newton75.jpg, newton76.jpg, newton77.jpg, newton78.jpg, newton79.jpg; issued by the Marshall Islands in 2012 newton80.jpg; issued by the Ivory Coast in 2012 newton81.jpg, newton81a.jpg; issued by Mali in 2012 newton82.jpg, newton82a.jpg; issued by Ivory Coast in 2013 newton84.jpg, newton85.jpg, newton86.jpg; issued by Malawi in 2011 newton87.jpg; issued by Gabon in 2014 newton88.jpg; issued by Mongolia in 2014 newton89.jpg

NUNES, Pedro. Issued by Portugal Aug. 9, 1978. The first shows "Nonio" navigational instrument and diagram from Tratado da Rumaçao do Globo nunes.jpg, nunes4.jpg; issued by Portugal in March 2002 on the 500th anniversary of his birth: the stamps only nunes2.jpg and the commemorative sheet nunes3.jpg

OKOUNKOV, Andrei. Issued by Guinea in 2008 okounkov.jpg

OMAR KHAYYAM. Issued by Albania in 1996 omar1.jpg; issued by Albania in 1996 omar2.jpg; issued by Dubai omar3.jpg, omar4.jpg; issued by Dubai in 1967 omar5.jpg; issued by Guyana omar6.jpg; issued by the Federated States of Micronesia omar7.jpg

ONICESCU, Octav. Issued by Romania in 1992 onicescu.jpg

PACIOLI, Fra Luca. Issued by Italy on May 2, 1994, on the 500th anniversary of the publication of the Summa de arithmetica, geometria, proportioni et proportionalita. The image is a modification of a famous painting. pacioli1.jpg; issued b Sri Lanka in 1984 pacioli2.jpg

PANINI. Issued by India in 2004 panini.jpg

PASCAL, Blaise. Issued by France on May 26, 1962, on the 300th anniversary of his death pascal.jpg; issued by France on July 31, 1944, part of a series honoring famous French persons pascal2.jpg; issued by Monaco in 1973 on the 350th anniversary of his birth pascal3.jpg; issued by the Central African Republic in 2000 (Pascal is not named on the stamp but it appears to be he) pascal4.jpg; issued by Cambodia in 2001 pascal5.jpg; issued by São Tomé and Príncipe in 2008 pascal6.jpg; issued by Guinea in 2009 pascal7.jpg, pascal8.jpg

PENROSE, Roger. Issued by Guinea in 2010 penrose.jpg

PETROVIC, Mihailo. Issued by Yugoslavia in 1993 on the 50th anniversary of his death petrovic.jpg

PETROVSKY, Ivan Georgievich. Issued by the Soviet Union on Dec. 28, 1973, one of a series of four stamps honoring scientists and academicians petrovsky.jpg

POINCARE, Henri. Issued by France on Oct. 18, 1952, part of a series honoring famous French persons of the second half of the 19th century poincare.jpg

PYTHAGORAS. Issued by Greece on Aug. 20, 1955, to commemorate Pythagoras's Congress and the 2500th anniversary of the founding of the first school of philosophy by Pythagoras pythag.jpg, theorem.jpg, pythag2.jpg, pythag4.jpg, pythag5.jpg; issued by San Marino on April 21, 1982 pythag3.jpg issued by Surinam in 1972 theorem2.jpg; issued by Macedonia on Feb. 6, 1998, to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the death of Pythagoras pythagoras6.jpg; isued by Japan in 1984 pythagoras7.jpg; issued by Sierra Leone in 1984 pythagoras8.jpg; issued by Switzerland in 1983 pythagoras9.jpg; issued by Nicaragua on May 15, 1971, formula5.jpg; issued by the Philippines in 2001 pythagoras10.jpg

QUETELET, Adolphe. Issued by Belgium on Dec. 14, 1974, on the death centenary quetelet.jpg

QUSHJI. Ala al-Din Ali ibn Muhammed, known as Ali Qushji, Latin: Ali Kushgii. Issued by Turkey in 2009 qushji.jpg

RAMANUJAN, Srinivasa. Issued by India on Dec. 22, 1962, to commemorate the 75th anniversary of his birth raman.jpg; issued by India on Dec. 26, 2011 ramanujan2.jpg; issued by India in 2010 ramanujan3.jpg

REJEWSKI, Marian. Issued by Poland in 2009. rozycki_rejewski_zygalski.jpg

RIBEIRO, Maria Pilar. Issued by Portugal. ribeiro.jpg

RICCI, Matteo. Issued by Guinea-Bissau in 2010. ricci.jpg, ricci2.jpg; issued by Italy in 2002 ricci3.jpg; issued by Macau in 2006 ricci4.jpg, ricci5.jpg; issued by Taiwan in 1983 ricci6.jpg; issued by Vatican City in 2010 ricci7.jpg, ricci8.jpg; issued by the Sovereign Military Order of Malta in 2010 ricci9.jpg

RIEMANN, Bernhard. See the entry ROMANIAN SCIENCE ACADEMY (below).

RIESE, Adam. Issued by Germany on March 28, 1959, on the 400th death anniversary riese.jpg; issued by Germany in 1992 on the 500th birth anniversary riese2.jpg

ROZYCKI, Jerzy. Issued by Poland in 2009. rozycki_rejewski_zygalski.jpg

RUSSELL, Bertrand. Issued by India on Oct. 16, 1972, on his birth centennial russell1.jpg; issued by Palau in 2001 russell2.jpg; issued by Angola in 2001 russell3.jpg; issued by the Comoros Islands in 1977 and showing Russell among other winners of the Nobel prize for literature russell4.jpg; issued by Upper Volta in 1977 russell5.jpg; issued by Grenada in 1971 russell6.jpg; issued by Saint Lucia in 1982 russell7.jpg; issued by Grenada russell8.jpg

SCHMIDT, Otto Yulevich. Issued by the Soviet Union in 1966, one of a series of stamps honoring Soviet scientists schmidt.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union in 1980 schmidt2.jpg

SCHWARTZ, Laurent. Issued by Guinea in 2008 schwartz.jpg

SEGNER, Johann Andreas. Issued by Hungary in 2004 segner1.jpg; issued by Slovakia in 1994 segner2.jpg; issued by Hungary in 1974 segner3.jpg

SEKI KOWA. Issued by Japan in 1992 on the 350th birthday seki.jpg

SEVERI, Francesco. Issued by Italy on April 23, 1979, on the 100th birth anniversary severi.jpg

SIERPINSKI, Waclaw. Issued by Poland on Nov. 23, 1982, part of a series "Mathematicians" sierpin.jpg

SKUHERSKY, Rudolf. Issued by Czechoslovakia skuhersky.jpg

STEKLOV, Vladimir Andreevich. Issued by Ukraine in 2010 steklov.jpg; issued by Russia in 2014 steklov2.jpg

STEVIN, Simon. Issued by Belgium on May 15, 1942, to benefit the battle against tuberculosis, part of a series "Famous Flanders scientists of the 16th century" stevin.jpg

SULTANGAZIN, Umirzak. Issued by Kazakhstan in 2011 sultangazin.jpg

THALES. Issued by Greece in 1994 thales.jpg; issued by Mozambique in 2010 thales2.jpg

TINBERGEN, Jan. Issued by the Netherlands in 1995 tinbergen1.jpg; issued by Guinea-Bissau tinbergen2.jpg

TITEICA, Gheorghe. Issued by Romania on Apr. 11, 1961, part of a series to honor Romanian scientists titeica.jpg

TORRICELLI, Evangelista. Issued by Italy on Oct. 20, 1958, to commemorate the 350th anniversary of the birth of Torricelli torric.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union on Feb. 5, 1959, on the 350th anniversary of his birth torric2.jpg; issued by San Marino in 1983 torric3.jpg

TURING, Alan. Issued by St. Vincent and the Grenadines in March 2000 turing1.jpg; issued by Great Britain in 1999 turing2.jpg; issued by Tatarstan in 2006 turing3.jpg; issued by St. Helena in 2005 turing4.jpg; issued by Guinea in 2008 turing5.jpg, turing6.jpg; issued by Great Britain in 2012 turing7.jpg

ULUGH BEG. Issued by the Soviet Union on Oct. 8, 1987, part of a series "Important Persons" ulugh.jpg; issued by Uzbekistan in 1994 on the 600th anniversary of his birth ulugh2.jpg, ulugh3.jpg, ulugh4.jpg; issued by Turkey in 1983 ulugh5.jpg, issued by Uzbekistan in 2009 ulugh6.jpg

VEGA, Jurij. Issued by Slovenia in 1994 vega1.jpg; a banknote issued by Slovenia vega1.gif; issued by Yugoslavia in 1954 vega3.jpg; isued by Slovenia in 2005 vega4.jpg; issued by Slovenia in 2001 commemorating the centennial of the first Slovene technical high school, now known as Jurij Vega Grammar School in Idrija vega5.jpg; a coin issued by Slovenia in 2004 vega6.jpg

VIETA, Franciscus. Personally designed in 2011 vieta.jpg

WEIL, Andrei. Issued by Guinea in 2008 weil.jpg

WIENER, Nobert. Issued by Israel on April 18, 1999, part of a series of stamps to honor the Jewish contribution to world culture in the modern era wiener.jpg; issued by Moldova in 2000 wiener2.jpg; issued by Tatarstan in 2006 wiener3.jpg

WITTEN, Edward. Issued by Guinea in 2010 witten.jpg

WITTGENSTEIN, Ludwig. Issued by Austria in 1989, the hundredth anniversary of his birth wittgenstein.jpg; issued by Portugal in 2000 wittgenstein2.jpg; issued by Belgium in 2001 wittgenstein3.jpg

XIONG QINGLAI. Issued by China in 1994 xiong.jpg

XU GUANGQI. (Also known as Xu Guang-qi or Hsu Kuang-ch'i) (1562-1633) issued by Taiwan xuguangqi.jpg; issued by China in 1980 xuguangqi2.jpg; issued by Guinea-Bissau in 2010 xuguangqi3.jpg

ZAREMBA, Stanislaw. Issued by Poland on Nov. 23, 1982, part of a series "Mathematicians" zaremba.jpg

ZHANG HENG. Also spelled Chang Heng. Issued by China in 1955 zhang_heng.jpg; issued by Malawi in 2008 zhang_heng2.jpg; issued by Mali in 2011 zhang_heng3.jpg

ZHAUTYKOV, Orymbek. Issued by Kazakhstan in 2011 zhautykov.jpg.

ZU CHONGZHI. (429-501) Also spelled Tsu Ch'ung-Chih or Hsu Kuang Chi. Issued by China in 1955 zu_chongzhi.jpg; issued by Guinea in 2009 zu_chongzhi2.jpg; issued by Mali in 2011 zu_chongzhi3.jpg

ZYGALSKI, Henryk. Issued by Poland in 2009. rozycki_rejewski_zygalski.jpg


Other Mathematics Stamps

ABACUS. Issued by Japan in (apparently) 1987 abacus1.jpg; issued by Macao abacus2.jpg, abacus3.jpg; issued by Liberia abacus4.jpg; issued by Israel in 2005 abacus5.jpg; issued by the Central African Empire in 1979 abacus6.jpg; issued by Cuba in 1970 abacus7.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1997 abacus8.jpg; issued by Australia in 1972 abacus9.jpg; issued by Ireland in 1988 abacus10.jpg; issued by West Germany in 1987 abacus11.jpg; issued by Venda in 1991 abacus12.jpg; issued by the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1971 abacus13.jpg; issued by Colombia in 1977 abacus14.jpg; issued by Albania in 1978 abacus15.jpg; issued by Netherlands Antilles in 1966 abacus16.jpg

ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSIONS. Issued by the Ukraine in 1998, depicting Timoshenko algebra1.jpg; issued by Israel educate1.jpg

ALLIES DECRYPT SECRET ENEMY CODES. Issued by the United States on Aug. 17, 1992, as part of a large series of stamps commemorating events of World War II decrypt.jpg

AMPLITUDE MODULATION. Issued by Canada in 1987 amplitude_modulation.jpg

ARABIC CULTURE. Issued by Iraq in 1979 arabic_culture1.jpg, issued by Libya in 1979 arabic_culture2.jpg, issued by Mauritania in 1980 arabic_culture3.jpg, issued by Tunisia in 1979 arabic_culture4.jpg, issued by North Yemen in 1979 arabic_culture5.jpg, issued by Yemen in 1979 arabic_culture6.jpg, issued by Egypt in 1979 arabic_culture7.jpg; issued by Kuwait in 1979 arabic_culture8.jpg; issued by Oman in 1979 arabic_culture9.jpg; issued by the United Arab Emirates in 1980 arabic_culture10.jpg; issued by Yemen in 1979 arabic_culture11.jpg

ARABIC NUMERALS. Issued by Iran in 1987 arabic.jpg; issued by Iraq in 2010 arabic2.jpg

ARAGO. Shows physicist Francçois Arago and also shows a sine curve. Issued by France in 1986 arago.jpg

ARITHMETIC. Issued by Niger in 1970 arithmetic1.jpg, issued by the Netherlands Antilles in 1991 arithmetic2.jpg, issued by Chile in 2002 arithmetic3.jpg, issued by Guinea in 1962 arithmetic4.jpg, issued by Hong Kong in 1991 arithmetic5.jpg; issued by Surinam in 2005 arithmetic6.jpg; issued by Portugal in 2009 arithmetic7.jpg; issued by South Arabia in 1991 for International Reading Day. Includes the equation 1 + 3 = 4. arithmetic8.jpg, arithmetic9.jpg; issued by Bolivia in 1998 arithmetic10.jpg; issued by Niger in 1965 arithmetic11.jpg; issued by Chad in 1970 arithmetic12.jpg

ARITHMETIKA HORVATSZKA. Issued by Croatia on Jan. 25, 2008, on the 250th anniversary of the Arithmetika Horvatszka, the first arithmetic book in the Croatian language arithmetika.jpg

BALSEIRO INSTITUTE. Shows mathematical equations. Issued by Argentina in 2005 balseiro.jpg

BENJAMIN BANNEKER. Issued by the United States on Feb. 15, 1980 banneker.jpg; issued by the Turks and Caicos Islands banneker2.jpg

BEST FIT CURVE. Issued by Australia in 1976 on the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation best.jpg

BINARY NUMERALS. Issued by Macedonia in 2004 binary1.jpg

BINOMIAL. Shows the expansion of (a + b)2 and issued by Haiti in 1967 binomial.jpg; issued by India in 1975, shows the Goddess Saraswathi and the writing in the background includes the expansion of a binomial. binomial2.jpg Debraj Chakrabarti of the Dept. of Mathematics at the University of Western Ontario writes, “The text in the background is in Devanagari characters. These are used for writing Sanskrit, as well as some modern Indian languages, e.g. Hindi, Marathi, Nepali etc. ... The background is a mishmash of various bits and pieces, apparently assembled to celebrate Indian tradition in learning and literature on the occasion of the World Hindi Conference. ... The math formulas represent the way school students would read their geometry and algebra. This kind of notation was introduced in the nineteenth century, following European practice, replacing the Roman letters by Devanagari letters. ... The practise of using Devanagari letters as symbols in algebra is disappearing. Most people would today learn algebra using Roman letters as symbols. As the above makes clear, this text has nothing to do with Sanskrit mathematical works (which of course do not use modern notation.).”

BORROMEAN RINGS. Issued by Italy on Mar. 7, 2008, to commemorate the bicentennial of the Ricordi company, Italy's oldest publisher of written and recorded music. The design includes a set of Borromean rings. borromean.jpg

CALCULATING MACHINE. Issued by Germany on June 12, 1973, on the 350th anniversary of the calculator built by Prof. Wilhelm Schickard, University of Tubingen schick.jpg; issued by Germany in 2002, showing the calculating machine by Johann Christoph Schuster calculate1.jpg

CENTRAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS. Issued by Israel in 2008 statistics1.jpg

COMPUTING. Issued by Egypt in 1969 computing1.jpg; issued by Dominica in 2000 computing2.jpg

COUNTING WITH FINGERS. Issued by Tunisia in 1984 counting6.jpg; issued by Iran in 1966 on the occasion of a census counting7.jpg

DODECAGON. Hauer was a composer of the twelve-tone technique (dodecaphony). Issued by Austria in 1983 dodecagon.jpg

DODECAHEDRON. Issued by Spain in 1964 dodecahedron.jpg

EGYPTIAN SURVEY AUTHORITY. Issued by Egypt in 1998 esa.jpg

ENIGMA. Issued by Poland in 1983 on the 50th anniversary of the breaking of the Naval Enigma enigma2.jpg

EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY. Issued by Poland euclidean1.jpg

EXPEDITION TO EGYPT. Shows π related to lengths of the Great Pyramid. First day cover showing stamps issued by France in 1972 expedition.jpg

FRACTALS. Issued by Sweden in 2000. Depicts the snowflake of Helge von Koch (1870-1924) vonkoch.jpg; issued by Spain in 2001 fractal2.jpg; issued by Israel in 1997 fractal1.jpg; issued by Finland in 2000 with the stamps arranged in a tangram fractal3.jpg; issued by Palau in 2005 fractal4.jpg

GAMM. International Association of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics. Issued by Luxembourg in 2005 gamm.jpg

GAZETA MATEMATICA. Issued by Romania in 1945 to commemorate 50 years of Gazeta Matematica. Portraits of I. Ionescu, G. Titeica, A. G. Ioachimescu, V. Cristescu gazeta1.jpg, gazeta2.jpg

GEOMETRY. Issued by Ivory Coast in 1970 geometry.jpg; issued by Djibouti in 1982 geometry2.jpg

GOLDEN SECTION. Issued by Switzerland in 1987 to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the Swiss Society of Engineers and Architects goldensection.jpg; issued by San Marino and showing a painting by Piero Della Francesa goldensection2.jpg; issued by Australia in 1972 goldensection3.jpg; issued by Japan in 1986 goldensection4.jpg; issued by Macau in 2007 goldensection5.jpg, goldensection6.jpg, goldensection7.jpg issued by Liechtenstein in 2013 and showing the part of the Fibonacci sequence, the ratio of adjacent terms of the sequence, and an approximation to the Golden Ratio goldensection8.jpg, goldensection9.jpg, goldensection10.jpg (The decimal representation of φ on this stamp has two errors: 3653 should be 36563, and 0911 should be 0917.)

GOMBOC. Issued by Hungary in 2010. The stamps illustrate a Gömböc in different positions. The stamps are printed in panes of 30 stamps and in booklets of 30 which are arranged in such a manner that the Gomboc appears to come to life as you flip the booklet. The stamps honor the world’s largest Gömböc, which is on display in the Hungarian pavilion at the World Expo 2010. gomboc.jpg

GRAPHS. Issued by Norway in 1976 on the centenary of the Central Bureau of Statistics graph1.jpg, graph2.jpg; issued by Portugal graph3.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1975 graph5.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1976 graph6.jpg; issued by Belgium in 1986 graph7.jpg; issued by Iraq on Nov. 29, 1965 graph8.jpg; issued by India in 1977 graph9.jpg; issued by Belgium in 1974 graph10.jpg; issued by Colombia in 1973 graph11.jpg; issued by Senegal in 1976 graph12.jpg; issued by Turkey in 1955 graph13.jpg; issued by Yemen in 1973 graph14.jpg; issued by the Philippines in 1989 graph15.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1996 graph16.jpg; issued by Australia in 1974 graph17.jpg; issued by Kuwait on March 28, 1965 graph18.jpg, graph19.jpg, graph20.jpg; issued by Turkey in 1960 graph21.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1974 graph22.jpg; issued by Denmark in 1986 graph23.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1996 graph24.jpg; issued by Israel in 1992 graph25.jpg; issued by Thailand in 1978 graph26.jpg; issued by Thailand in 1990 graph27.jpg; issued by Turkey in 1991 graph28.jpg; issued by the United Nations in 1980 graph29.jpg; issued by Venezuela in 1971 graph30.jpg; issued by Syria in 1981 graph31.jpg; issued by Brazil in 1992 graph32.jpg; issued by Iraq in 1987 graph33.jpg; issued by Moncao in 1999 graph34.jpg; issued by Taiwan in 1996 graph35.jpg; issued by Uruguay in 1993 graph36.jpg; issued by Antigua and Barbuda in 2001 graph37.jpg; issued by Ethiopia in 1974 graph38.jpg; issued by Ethiopia in 1986 graph39.jpg; issued by Japan in 1981 graph40.jpg; issued by Turkey in 1960 graph41.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1994 graph42.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1994 graph43.jpg; issued by Egypt in 2003 graph44.jpg; issued by Colombia in 1994 graph45.jpg; issued by Chile in 1953 graph46.jpg; issued by Luxembourg in 2012 graph47.jpg

GREAT TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEY. Issued by India trigsurv.jpg

HEXAGON. Issued by France in 1981 hexagon.jpg

HIEROGLYPHICS. Issued by France in 1972 on the anniversary of the announcement of the deciphering of hieroglyphics by Jean François Champollion hieroglyphics.jpg; issued by Monaco in 1990 hieroglyphics2.jpg; issued by Egyptin 1972 hieroglyphics3.jpg; issued by the Central African Republic in 2002 hieroglyphics4.jpg; issued by Egypt in 1999 hieroglyphics5.jpg

HISTOGRAMS. Issued by Austria on April 6, 1979, on the 150th anniversary of the Austrian Central Statistics Bureau histogram.jpg; issued by Germany in 1989 on the centennial of the state insurance program histogram2.jpg

HISTORY OF COUNTING POST CARDS. Issued by Romania in 2004. counting1.jpg depicts the Original Odhner Counter produced in Gothenburg. counting1.jpg; counting1a.jpg; counting2.jpg; counting2a.jpg; counting3.jpg; counting3a.jpg; counting4.jpg; counting4a.jpg; counting5.jpg; counting5a.jpg

IMPOSSIBLE FIGURES OF OSCAR REUTERSVARD. Issued by Sweden in 1982. The first image is an impossible triangle created in 1934. impossible1.jpg, impossible2.jpg, impossible3.jpg

IMPOSSIBLE TRIANGLE. Issued by Israel in 1974 impossible4.jpg; issued by Syria in 2008 impossible5.jpg

INCA MATH. Issued by Rwanda in 1974 as part of a six-stamp set commemorating the UPU centenary, showing knot-based Inca math inca.jpg

INDIAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY. Issued by India in 2009 ims.jpg

INSCRIBED TRIANGLE. Issued by Taiwan in 1969 inscribed.jpg

INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF GEOMETRICIANS. Issued by Switzerland in 1981 geometricians.jpg

INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF MATHEMATICIANS. Issued by Japan in 1990 icm90.jpg; issued by Spain in 2006 and showing an early form of Hindu-Arabic numerals as they appear in the Codex Vigilanus icm2006.jpg

INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF STATISTICS. Issued by Portugal on May 24, 2013 statistics2.jpg, statistics3.jpg

JACOB'S STAFF. Issued by the Netherlands in 1986 jacob.jpg

J. C. M. F (1962). Issued by Czechoslovakia on Feb. 26, 1962, on the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Union of Czechoslovak Mathematicians and Physicists. The two mathematics stamps were part of a series of seven stamps, "Personalities of culture life." Physicist Frantisek Zaviska (1879-1945) and mathematician Karel Petr (1868-1950) jcmf1.jpg; two mathematicians: Miloslav Valouch (1878-1952) and Juraj Hronec (1881-1959) jcmf2.jpg

J. C. M. F (1987). Issued by Czechoslovakia on July 6, 1987, on the 125th anniversary of the founding of the Union of Czechoslovak Mathematicians and Physicists. A picture of geodetic (or surveying) work (17th century) and computer graphics jcmf5.jpg; J. M. Petzval (mathematician, 1807-1891), C. Strouhal (physicist, 1850-1922), and V. Jarnik (mathematician, 1897-1950) jcmf3.jpg; Prague's astronomical clock (or calendar-clock), computer graphics and a formula jcmf4.jpg

J. C. M. F (2012). Issued by the Czech Republic in 2012, to commemorate the 150th Anniversary of the Foundation of the Union of Czech Mathematicians and Physicists. jcmf6.jpg

LAWS AND THEOREMS. Issued by Nicaragua on May 15, 1971, under the title "Mathematical Equations Which Changed the World." Maxwell's law formula1.jpg; Boltzmann's law formula2.jpg; Newton's law formula3.jpg; Tsiolkovski's law formula4.jpg; Napier, logarithms formula6.jpg; Einstein's theory formula7.jpg; Archimedes' principle formula8.jpg; Using fingers to count formula9.jpg; Broglie's law formula10.jpg (see also Pythagoras)

LISSAJOUS CURVE. Issued by Japan in 1960 lissajous.jpg

MATH COMPETITION. Austria, 2007, not an official stamp competition.jpg

MATHEMATICAL CONGRESS. Issued by French Polynesia in 1993 to commemmorate the 15th Congress of Australian Mathematicians or the 15th anniversary of Australian math competition for pupils polynesia.jpg; issued by Iran in 1994 to commemorate the 25th annual Iranian Mathematical Conference. irankonf.jpg; issued by Hungary in 1996 on the occasion of a Mathematical Congress held in Hungary hungary1.jpg; issued by Germany, 1998 (the Congress was held in Berlin) imk.jpg, imk2.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union on July 20, 1966, for a Congress held in Moscow icm1.jpg; issued by Pakistan in 1975 icms1.jpg; issued by Finland in 1978 finland.jpg; issued by Austria on Sept. 14, 1981, for a Congress was held at Innsbruck. The inscription on the picture is "Impossible Construction of Cube" by M. C. Escher cong1.jpg

MAYAN NUMERALS. Issued by the German Democratic Republic in 1981 maya.jpg. (See also Fantasy Stamps at the bottom of this page.)

MELANCHOLIA. Issued by Aitutaki and showing the Dürer engraving which includes mathematical objects melancholia.jpg; issued by Angola in 2000 melancholia2.jpg; issued by Djibouti in 2007 melancholia3.jpg

METRIC SYSTEM. Issued by the Netherlands in 1975 on the 100th anniversary of the meter convention, when 17 countries signed the 'Convention du Metre' in Paris metric1.jpg; issued by Australia on March 7, 1973 metric2.jpg, metric3.jpg, metric4.jpg, metric5.jpg; issued by France in 1975 metric6.jpg; issued by Switzerland in 1975 metric7.jpg; issued by Romania in 1966 metric8.jpg, metric9.jpg; issued by Singapore metric10.jpg, metric11.jpg, metric12.jpg; issued by Sweden in 1975 metric13.jpg; issued by Denmark in 1983 metric14.jpg; issued by Finland in 1987 metric15.jpg; issued by Hungary in 1976 metric16.jpg, metric17.jpg, metric18.jpg; issued by Turkey in 1970 metric19.jpg; issued by the Republic of South Africa in 1977 metric20.jpg; issued by the Soviet Union in 1975 metric21.jpg; issued by Yugoslavia in 1973 metric22.jpg; issued by Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania metric23.jpg; issued by Surinam in 1975 metric24.jpg; issued by France metric25.jpg; issued by Ghana in 1975 metric26.jpg, metric27.jpg, metric28.jpg, metric29.jpg, issued by Japan in 1959 metric30.jpg; issued by Brazil in 1962 metric31.jpg; issued by Cuba in 1977 metric32.jpg; issued by Indonesia in 1975 metric33.jpg; issued by South Korea in 1975 metric34.jpg; issued by Pakistan in 1974 metric35.jpg; issued by Bangladesh in 1983 metric36.jpg; issued by Romania in 1975 metric37.jpg; issued by Guyana in 1982 metric38.jpg; issued by Ethiopia in 1982 metric39.jpg; issued by Nigeria in 1980 metric40.jpg; issued by Mexico in 1957 metric41.jpg; issued by Denmark in 2007 metric42.jpg; issued by India in 2006 metric43.jpg; issued by Italy in 1990 metric44.jpg; issued by the Republic of Korea in 1964 metric45.jpg; issued by New Zealand in 1976 metric46.jpg; issued by Norway in 1975 metric47.jpg

MISSION OF LA CONDAMINE, MAUPERTIUS, AND OTHERS (1736) to Quito and Laponia to measure one degree of longitude. Issued by Ecuador in 1936 mission1.jpg, mission2.jpg, mission3.jpg, mission4.jpg; issued by France on Sept. 5, 1986 mission5.jpg; issued by Finland in 1986 mission6.jpg; issued by Ecuador in 1986 mission7.jpg; issued by Ecuador in 1986 mission8.jpg; a first day cover showing 1986 stamps of France and Finland mission9.jpg

MOEBIUS STRIP. Issued by Brazil in 1967 moebius.jpg; issued by Brazil in 1973 moebius2.jpg; issued by the Netherlands in 1969 moebius3.jpg; issued by Belgium in 1969 moebius8.jpg; issued by Luxembourg in 1969 moebius9.jpg; issued by Brazil in 1974 (these are actually not Moebius strips) moebius4.jpg, moebius5.jpg, moebius6.jpg, moebius7.jpg

MULTIPLICATION TABLE AND CALENDAR. Issued by China in 2012 multiplication_table.jpg

NEGATIVE NUMBERS. Issued by the Togo Republic and showing a page from Precious Mirror of Four Elements (1303) negative.jpg

NUMERALS. Issued by Turkey in 1940 commemorating the 1940 census numerals.jpg; issued by France in 1982 numerals2.jpg; issued by Turkey in 1950 commemorating the 1950 census numerals3.jpg; issued by St. Lucia in 1990 numerals4.jpg; issued by Azerbaijan in 2006 numerals5.jpg

OCTAGON. Also shows other polygons and circles and semicircles. Issued by Switzerland in 1993 octagon.jpg

OCTAHEDRON. Issued by Sweden in 2012 octahedron1.jpg, octahedron2.jpg

PAPER FOLDING. Folding in this manner produces a regular pentagon. Issued by Japan in 1980. paper_folding.jpg

PARABOLA. Issued by Sweden in 1974 parabola.jpg

PASCAL'S TRIANGLE. Issued by Liberia and showing a page from Precious Mirror of Four Elements (1303) triangle1.jpg

PENDULUM CLOCK OF CHRISTIAAN HUYGENS by van Ceulen. Issued by the Netherlands on April 27, 1962, as part of a series to publicize the International Congress of Museum Experts, July 4-11 clock.jpg

PI. Issued by Italy in 2013 to commemorate the Year of Archimedes pi.jpg

PLATO. Issued by Greece in 2013. One stamp has the phrase “Let no one untrained in geometry enter,” said to have been written above the entrance to Plato’s Academy. plato.jpg

POLYHEDRON. Issued by Germany in 1973 polyhedron.jpg

PONTIFICAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. Issued by Vatican City in 1986. The first stamp shows Euclid vatican1.jpg and the second stamp shows Pythagoras and Heraclitus vatican2.jpg

PRIME NUMBER. Issued by Liechtenstein in 2004 and showing the 39th Mersenne prime number (discovered in 2001) prime.jpg

QUATERNIONS. Issued by Ireland on May 4, 1983 quaternions.jpg

RAPHAEL'S SCHOOL OF ATHENS. Three stamps issued by Sierra Leone in 1983, showing detail of this painting. Pictured are Euclid, Ptolemy, Pythagoras, and others raphael1.jpg, raphael2.jpg, raphael3.jpg; issued by Kampuchea in 1983 raphael4.jpg, raphael5.jpg; issued by Angola in 2003 raphael6.jpg; issued by Ajamn in 197 raphael7.jpg; issued by North Korea in 1983 raphael8.jpg; issued by the Comoros Islands in 1977 raphael9.jpg; issued by Greece in 1978 raphael10.jpg; issued by Sierra Leone in 1983 raphael11.jpg

ROMANIAN SCIENCE ACADEMY. Issued by Romania on Sept. 30, 1966, to observe 100th anniversary of the academy. Shows an integral expression romania1966.jpg, romania1966a.jpg

RUTHERFORD. Issued by the Soviet Union on Aug. 24, 1971. The stamp depicts the physicist Rutherford, but also shows a mathematical drawing rutherford1.jpg

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. Includes fractals and other mathematical subjects. Issued by Macau (also spelled Macao) in 2002, 2004, and 2006. macau1.jpg, macau2.jpg, macau3.jpg, macau4.jpg, macau5.jpg, macau6.jpg

SINE CURVE. Issued by Great Britain in 1969 sine.jpg

SLIDE RULE. Issued by Romania in 1957 sliderule.jpg

SOLIDS. Issued by Spain in 1982 solids.jpg

SPIRAL. Issued by New Caledonia in 1985 spiral.jpg; issued by Pakistan in 2000 spiral2.jpg

SPUTNIK. Issued by the Soviet Union on Aug. 10, 1976. The stamp shows an integral expression sputnik.jpg

SUBTRACTION. Issued by Turkey in 1959 subtraction.jpg

SYMBOLS. Issued by Finland in 1969 symbols1.jpg; issued by Colombia in 1968 symbols2.jpg; issued by the Netherlands in 2003 symbols3.jpg

TABLE OF CALCULATION. Issued by Algeria in 2003 calculation.jpg, calculation2.jpg

TEACHING MATHEMATICS. Issued by the Soviet Union on Sept. 28, 1961, part of a three-stamp series publicizing Communist labor teams workers.jpg; issued in by Laos in 1981, the International Year of the Disabled workers2.jpg; issued by Belgium in 1951 teaching1.jpg; issued by Guinea-Bissau in 1979 teaching2.jpg; issued by Djibouti in 1982 teaching3.jpg; issued by Finland in 1969 teaching4.jpg; issued by Paraguay in 2001 teaching5.jpg

UNIVERSITY OF BASEL. Issued by Switzerland in 2010 on the 550th anniversary of the founding of the university. Includes mathematical symbols. basel1.jpg, basel2.jpg

WORLD OF WILLIAM AND MARY. Issued by the Netherlands in 1988, depicting events in the era of William III and Mary, and naming Newton and Huygens william.jpg

WORLD MATHEMATICAL YEAR. Issued by Belgium in 2000 belgium1.jpg; issued by Italy in 2000 italy2000.jpg; issued by the Czech Republic in 2000. Design shows an inequality and the names Fermat and Wiles fermat-wiles.jpg; issued by Portugal in 2000. Shows Poincare, Godel, Kolmogorov portugal1.jpg; issued by Portugal in 2000. Shows Turing and von Neumann portugal2.jpg; issued by Spain on May 25, 2000. The stamp depicts Julio Rey Pastor (1888-1962), a Spanish mathematician who wrote some books on mathematics, incuding the history of mathematics spain00.jpg; issued by Monaco in 2000 monaco2000.jpg; issued by Croatia in 2000 croatia2000.jpg; issued by Slovakia in 2000 slovakia2000.jpg; issued by Luxembourg in 2000 luxembourg2000.jpg; issued by Korea in 2000 korea2000.jpg; issued by Argentina in 2000 argentina2000.jpg; issued by Hungary in 2000 hungary2000.jpg, hungary2000a.jpg, hungary2000b.jpg (from Magyar Posta: This is a real philatelic curiosity. It was made with offset, UV and screen-printing using OEI inks, which was used for the first time in Hungarian stamp printing, it was printed on protected paper and has a hologram on it. By placing the miniature sheet in UV light the black serial number fluoresces green, along the stamp perforation the text "Jeles magyar matematikusok" (outstanding Hungarian mathematicians) can be read, as can the names of 57 outstanding Hungarian mathematicians.) The names are Arany Dániel, Bauer Mihály, Beke Manó, Bolyai Farkas, Bolyai János, Csernák László, Csillag Pál, Dienes Pál, Bugonics András, Egerváry Jenő, Erdős Pál, Farkas Gyula, Fejér Lipót, Fekete Mihály, Fodor Géza, Frey Tamás, Gallai Tibor, Geőcze Zorád, Grünwald Géza, Haar Alfréd, Hajós György, Hatvani István, Hunyady Jenő, Jordan Károly, Kalmár László, Kármán Tódor, Kerékjártó Béla, Kőnig Dénes, Kőnig Gyula, Kürschák József, Lakatos Imre, Makó Pál, Maróthi György, Neumann János, Péter Rózsa, Pólya György, Radó Tibor, Rados Gusztáv, Rédei László, Rényi Alfréd, Réthy Mór, Riesz Frigyes, Riesz Marcell, Schlesinger Lajos, Schweitzer Miklós, Segner János András, Sidon Simon, Sipos Pál, Szász Ottó, Szegő Gábor, Szele Tibor, Szőkefalvi-Nagy Béla, Szőkefalvi-Nagy Gyula, Szűcs Adolf, Turán Pál, Vályi Gyula, Varga Tamás.


Fantasy Stamps

Here is a set of four stamps, dated 2004, “issued” by the non-existent nation of Nichtsburg & Zilchstadt. They all relate to the number zero. fibonacci2.jpg, sunya.jpg, maya2.jpg, khowarizmi2.jpg


Links to Other Sites


ABOUT THIS SITE: This page is maintained by Jeff Miller, a mathematics teacher at Gulf High School in New Port Richey, Florida. I also maintain these history of mathematics web pages: Earliest Uses of Various Mathematical Symbols and Earliest Known Uses of Some of the Words of Mathematics

Thanks to the following people who assisted with this page: Bert Jagers, Toni Baeza, Tim Carr, Didier Cuidet, Dr. John W. Dawson Jr., Dieter Egelriede, Luis Filipe Faria, Oliver Faulhaber, Maike Den Houting, Dr. Vojtech Jankovic, Roland Klinger, Ivan Kosinar and Rudo Hajossy of Univerzita Komenskeho in Bratislava, Marcel Lajus, Roberto Lardelli, Gunnar Løvås, Maiken Naylor, Guy Noel, John O'Connor, Arnaud Pascal, Jose Pablo, Gyorgy Visontay, John G. Peebles, a senior mathematics teacher at A. B. Lucas Secondary School in London, Ontario, Canada, Shannon L. Ritter, Brigitte Vallee, David Stone, a mathematics teacher in Derbyshire, Heinz Klaus Strick, Magnus Waller, Shuki Zakai, who is from Kiryat-Tivon, Israel, José Pablo Sánchez Mielgo, who is a math teacher in Spain, Joze Nemec, Eli Eyal, and Francis Boulot, who is a math teacher in the French school and college in Frankfurt, Germany, Alexander Tiunchick, who writes popular books on mathematics for colleges and universities, Jean-Pierre Malmedy of Belgium, Michael Tanoff, Herbert Jarszick, Markku Männikkö, Craig Smorynski, Bernard Meyer, and David Wolfersberger.